Culture in Kiev. What to visit – old town, temples, theaters, museums and palaces
Among the striking sights of Kiev are the religious objects, as well as the unique monuments of architecture and the many museums. The cultural program can be chosen by every traveler. A true example of the Baroque style is St. Andrew’s Church, whose construction was completed in the second half of 18 centuries. The church is located on the high hill. Today this famous religious monument is redesigned into a museum.
Another interesting historical monument is the Kiev Cave Monastery. This monastery was founded in 1051 and is one of the oldest monasteries in the world. The Kiev Cave Monastery is a landmark of the world scale, on the territory of the monastery is the crypt of Pyotr Arkadyevich Stolypin, as well as many religious artefacts are preserved.
One of the most unusual and well-known monuments of architecture is the house with the chimeras. Its construction started in 1901 and took a little over a year. The author of the original modern-style building is Vladislav Gorodetsky. Another monument of world value is the Saint Sophia Cathedral, which was built in the 11th century. After a few centuries after the opening, the cathedral was rebuilt, today guests of the city can see the baroque style building, which is in its present form of 13 centuries. The cathedral preserves the ancient frescoes and mosaics in good condition attracting numerous visitors.
An important religious object is the Vladimir Cathedral. Its opening took place at the end of 19 centuries, and the construction took almost 50 years. The cathedral is characterized by its exquisite decoration and its walls preserve many important religious artefacts. Among the cultural places of the city one can emphasize the museum of folk architecture and everyday life of Ukraine. It is the spacious open-air museum whose exposition contains more than 300 exhibits. Visitors can see both the ancient windmills and the handicrafts and everyday objects of the natives.
A very interesting sight is the pharmacy museum, which received the visitors for the first time in 1986. Its collection contains the most varied exhibits associated with the pharmacy industry, from pharmaceutical instruments and butts to crabs and snakes in alcohol. The most famous monument of defensive architecture is the Golden Gate, which served as the main entrance to the city for up to 17 centuries. The mighty fortress tower with the wide trip has been preserved excellently up to our days. Near the gate was opened the small museum dedicated to the history of the present building.
The Kiev Academic National Theater of Operette is definitely worth a visit, not only for its wonderful theatrical performances. The interior and exterior impress with their splendor so that it does not seem to be a theater building, but a royal palace, where once lived nobles. However, this does not exclude the fact that once czars actually attended performances to enjoy the architecture, the interior and the show. It is worth noting that the theater is a historic site – the third Russian Prime Minister Pyotr Stolypin, who along with Tsar Nicholas II and his family participated in ‘The Tale of Zar Saltan’. Another cultural institution that is attractive with its rich interior is the National Organ and Chamber Music Hall of Ukraine, which occupies the Roman Catholic Church of St. Nicholas. The construction of this masterpiece of neo-Gothic architecture was completed in 1909.
The building of the National Bank of Ukraine is an excellent example of the architecture of the Empire. It was built in 1839 and its main pride are the griffins that are attached to the corners of the building. The sightseeing of Kiev is unimaginable without the Syrotkyna Apartment House – one of the most beautiful buildings in the Ukrainian capital. Facades with Baroque, Art Nouveau and Neo-Renaissance elements, early Art Nouveau windows, relief details and sculptures – all this trumps the imagination and makes the heart of every visitor in Kiev beat faster. A masterpiece of the Stalinist Empire style is the Expocenter of the National Complex Ukraine, where often interesting exhibitions take place. It’s also worth noting that this complex was once occupied by celebrities such as Margaret Thatcher,A wonderful architectural landmark is the castle of Richard the Lionheart, named after castles built during the reign of the king, who was famous for his courage. All its towers and towers make the castle look like a British Gothic building. Incidentally, several famous Ukrainian artists lived here at different times. A neighborhood in the French style with a replica of the Eiffel Tower in the center is unusual for Kiev. Those who do not want to see France, but Japan, would like to visit Kyoto Park with its wonderful tranquil atmosphere.
Yagimovskiy House, often referred to as ‘House With Cats’, is another brilliant architectural creation. It is so called because its chief pride is magnificent cat-shaped reliefs. The palace, however, had a different name – it was once called ‘House Koschei’ because the last name of the architect was Bezsmertnyi (translated ‘Immortal’, as well as Koschei in Slavic folklore). The Art Nouveau building was completed in 1909 and immediately attracted the attention of those looking for aesthetic pleasure. Another interesting building in Kiev is the so-called ‘chocolate house’, named after a façade resembling the chocolate texture.
The famous Mariyinsky Palace, the pearl of the park of the same name, is no less remarkable for its architectural composition. The palace was built on behalf of Elizaveta Petrovna. The architects were Bartolomeo Rastrelli, Ivan Michurin and Vasily Neyolov, who chose Baroque as the dominant architectural style of the building. The palace was often visited by members of the royal family, for example by Catherine II and Maria Feodorovna. Later, the building served as a revolutionary committee, a museum and an agricultural school. Nearby is the building of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine designed by Volodymyr Zabolotny and completed in 1939. Classicism was chosen as the main style. It has to be said,
Equally interesting are sculptures throughout the city. Monuments of great people – Bogdan Khmelnitsky, Taras Shevchenko, Volodymyr the Great, Princess Olga and monuments in honor of Afghan soldiers and people affected by the Chernobyl nuclear disaster. The Motherland Monument, which is a lasting symbol of the unity of Ukraine and the hallmark of its capital, is worth at least a fleeting inspection. Beautiful parks are ideal for walks in Kiev. This may be the already mentioned Mariyinsky Park, Shevchenko Park or Natalka Park.
Kiev is famous for its unique museums. In addition to an original cultural institution such as the Toilet History Museum (which is one of the most interesting museums in the world, by the way), you will find the Museum of Dreams with its impressive works of art, created as though they were from the subconscious. as well as the Mykola Syadristy Microminiatures Museum with its excellently executed and detailed works. It is quite possible to see all the sights of Kiev in one place – in the Ukrainian capital there is a unique museum called ‘Kiev in miniature’ (in Hydropark, another great place for walking). Amazing sights that have been created with great attention to detail – not only tourists, but also locals love this place.
Get to know the traditional way of life of the ancestors of the locals in two museums: the first is the Museum of Folk Architecture and Life (Pirogovo) and the second is ‘Mamaeva Sloboda’. This is a great opportunity to get to know the local culture, learn about the country’s traditional craft, visit a mini zoo, ride a horse-drawn carriage, see folk group performances, buy authentic Ukrainian souvenirs and of course have fun. Children would probably be interested in the State Toy Museum, where they can find out which toys children used to live at different times. For those who want to know more about the tragic milestones in the history of Ukraine