What happened to the city of Chernobyl?
The Chernobyl accident has been one of the most shocking that Europe has suffered in the last century. It took place on April 26, 1986, when Ukraine was part of the Soviet Union. It was a nuclear accident that happened at the Vladimir Ilyich Lenin nuclear power station , 3 kilometers from the city of Pripyat . And 120 kilometers from Kiev , the capital. Do you know what happened to trigger a disaster that still has consequences today?
Chernobyl was one of the most important nuclear power plants in the world. What was done there was used for a strategic program of the Soviet army. The nuclear accident was the result of a series of coincidences, in addition to a low level of safety. Today it is a place abandoned by humanity.
One of the most important nuclear catastrophes
The dawn of April 26, 19866 was going to carry out an experiment to test the inertial range of the turbo-generator unit. This involved a cut in the electric current. At 1:24 , after 40-60 seconds after starting the experiment, there were two explosions . According to reports, a two-second failure in the security system was what did not stop the disaster.
This failure meant that the cooling elements did not jump in time. The steam generated by the first explosion destroyed the 1,200-ton concrete roof . A few seconds later, the second explosion magnified the damage even more. The explosion took the life in the act of two people , and of 29 more in the following months In addition, the Soviet Union had to evacuate to 116,000 people by the dangers that supposed.
It is estimated that the explosion was 500 times greater than that made by the Hiroshima bomb in 1945, the most devastating in the history of war. The radioactive alarm jumped in 13 countries in Europe . In the area a perimeter of 30 kilometers was cordoned off around the plant. More than 5 million people were exposed to the radiation released , with close to 400,000 severely affected. Although more than 30 years have passed, the European community built a sarcophagus last year to isolate the interior of the reactor.